Battery Megafactory Forecast: 400% Increase in Capacity to 1 TWh by 2028

via visualcapitalist:

Battery Megafactory Forecast: 400% Increase in Capacity to 1 TWh by 2028

When ground broke on the massive Tesla Gigafactory in Nevada in 2014, the world marveled at the project’s audacity, size, and scope.

At the time, it was touted that the cutting-edge facility would be the largest building in the world by footprint, and that the Gigafactory would single-handedly be capable of doubling the world’s lithium-ion battery production capacity.

What many did not realize, however, is that although as ambitious and as forward-looking as the project sounded, the Gigafactory was just the start of a trend towards scale in the battery making space. While Tesla’s facility was the most publicized, it would ultimately be one of many massive factories in the global pipeline.


Today’s data comes to us from Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, and it forecasts that we will see a 399% increase in lithium-ion battery production capacity over the next decade – enough to pass the impressive 1 TWh milestone.

Here is a more detailed projection of how things will shape up in the coming decade:

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Region Capacity (GWh, 2018) Capacity (GWh, 2023) Capacity (GWh, 2028)
Grand Total 220.5 658 1,102.5
China 134.5 405 631
Europe 19.6 93.5 207
North America 20.9 81 148
Other 0 0 5
Asia (excl China) 45.5 78.5 111.5

In just a decade, lithium-ion battery megafactories around the world will have a combined production capacity equivalent to 22 Tesla Gigafactories!

The majority of this capacity will be located in China, which is projected to have 57% of the global total.


According to Benchmark, the top 10 megafactories will be combining for 299 GWh of capacity in 2023, which will be equal to almost half of the global production total.

Here are the top 10 plants, sorted by projected capacity:

Rank Megafactory Owner Country Forecasted capacity by 2023 (GWh)
#1 CATL Contemporary Amperex Technology Co Ltd China 50
#2 Tesla Gigafactory 1 Tesla Inc / Panasonic Corp (25%) US 50
#3 Nanjing LG Chem New Energy Battery Co., Ltd. LG Chem China 35
#4 Nanjing LG Chem New Energy Battery Co., Ltd. Plant 2 LG Chem China 28
#5 Samsung SDI Xian Samsung SDI China 25
#6 Funeng Technology Funeng Technology (Ganzhou) China 25
#7 BYD , Qinghai BYD Co Ltd China 24
#8 LG Chem Wroclaw Energy Sp. z o.o. LG Chem Poland 22
#9 Samsung SDI Korea Samsung SDI Korea 20
#10 Lishen TianJin Lishen Battery Joint-Stock CO.,LTD China 20

Of the top 10 megafactory plants in 2023, the majority will be located in China – meanwhile, the U.S. (Tesla Gigafactory), South Korea (Samsung), and Poland (LG Chem) will be home to the rest.

Reaching economies of scale in lithium-ion battery production will be a significant step in decreasing the overall cost of electric vehicles, which are expected to surpass traditional vehicles in market share by 2038.


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