There’s plenty of finance movies apart from Wolf of Wall Street. Not all of these are recent. The more recent ones tend to deal with the 2007/2008 financial crisis.
Margin Call (2011) is about an investment bank at the beginning of the financial crisis. It has the most realistic feels of any finance movie I’ve seen, very much enjoyed it.
The Big Short (2015) is about the hedge fund managers that bet on the housing crisis and financial meltdown of 2007/2008.
Too Big To Fail (2011) is basically the same story told from the perspective of the banks/regulator.
Inside Job (2010) is also the same story but is a documentary.
Wall Street (1987) is a classic and worth seeing.
Wall Street 2 (2010) is nowhere near as good, though I’d see it to add to the collection.
Rogue Trader (1999) is the story of Nick Leeson and the the fall of Barings Bank. Gives a glimpse of derivatives trading.
Barbarians at the Gate (1993) is the story of the LBO of RJR Nabisco.
Trading Places (1983) is a comedy that gives a slight introduction to commodities trading.
Pretty Woman (1990) some may call a romantic comedy, but it’s really the story of a corporate raider who changes his investment style.
Other People’s Money (1991) is a Danny DeVito film about a corporate raider.
Boiler Room (2000) is a story about dodgy stockbrokers.
American Psycho (2000) is not really a finance film, but the main character is an investment banker.
Same for The Family Man (2000), where Nicolas Cage plays an investment banker who has traded away the happy home life for work, etc.
Arbitrage (2012) is a Richard Gere film about a hedge fund manager, but I didn’t find it very good.
And of course outside of movies there’s Billions (2016- ), a series about a hedge fund manager.