India’s fertility rate dips below replacement level

India made history recently. Decades of government efforts to control the population growth are finally showing the much-needed result.

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) — which is the average number of children who would be born to any women in her lifetime – has declined from 2.2 in 2015-16 to 2.0 in 2019-21. It was revealed in the fifth round of the National Family Health Survey, or NFHS-5, conducted over two years starting in 2019.

India’s TFR of two is currently below the replacement level of fertility of 2.1 children per woman.

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Replacement level fertility represents the level at which a population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next, thus leading to zero population growth if the level sustained over a sufficiently long period


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