The last one was pretty bad, so it stands to reason we might want to avoid a repeat of that experience.
President Trump is working very hard to ensure that we do not have a recession (at least until the 2020 election). The Fed no longer seems to believe that inflation is the greater risk. We are basically running the economy at full speed all the time.
It is hard to have a recession when monetary and fiscal policy have buried the needle.
A Psychological Phenomenon
Over time, the business cycle has been getting longer and longer. We have gone ten years without a recession.
The record, currently held by Australia, is 28 years. Who’s to say that the US can’t go 28 years without a recession? If you think the bears have a bad reputation now…
Spend any time listening to some bearish folks and the message is that a recession is right around the corner. People (myself included) like to call this economy “late cycle,” but it has been late cycle for a while now.
Anyway, in my 20 years on Wall Street, I have yet to see a recession prediction model that works. I am observing one in real time that might.
My guess is that recessions are a psychological phenomenon, much in the same way that inflations are a psychological phenomenon.
It will happen when we say it happens.
A Tech-Driven Economy
The next recession will probably happen when Silicon Valley blows up.
Back in 2008, I made a bullish call on Amazon. In 2012, I changed my mind and turned bearish on the stock, right before the blast-off. But the original bullish call was pretty smart.
You see, in 2008, I wanted to get long companies without debt. And Amazon was basically without debt. I also wanted to get long companies that were remote from the wave of regulation that I knew was coming. Amazon was without regulation.
Plus, Amazon was growing rapidly—and this was when it was mostly books and records, before the push to become The Everything Store. I had more vision than most—nobody was interested in Amazon at the time.
But in 2012, I failed to see that a company such as Amazon can get pretty big by running at an economic loss in a zero cost of capital world. I have a pretty big imagination—but not that big.
When Silicon Valley goes into a recession, the rest of the country will. And inflation will probably go up, among other things.
Look at the top holdings of any major index ETF—all tech companies. We have a tech-driven economy. If you thought the banks drove us into recession into 2008, and camped out in a park for two weeks about it, wait until Silicon Valley unravels. Because someday, it will.
Some Silicon Valley luminaries, like Marc Andreessen, have recently received approval to form a Silicon Valley Stock Exchange. It is intended to be for companies who need more time to become profitable.
The stock market tolerated 23 years of losses at Amazon. It is just now beginning to show profits (but not in its core business). There are dozens of profitless dot-coms.
All of this raises an interesting question: how long should the market wait for a company to become profitable? 50 years? 100 years? 200 years? Maybe a good business is profitable in the short, medium, and long-term.
The Big Idea
Take any of the last few recessions and you can point to a specific reason as to why it started:
1991: Commercial real estate
1982: Interest rates
Recessions don’t just happen. There is a cause. Recessions happen when overinvestment turns into malinvestment, which turns into losses, which are transmitted throughout the economy.
Look around and it is not too hard to find the malinvestment. I like to pick on the scooter companies.
The scooter companies are worth billions. In a just world they are microcap stocks with an $80 million market cap. Not every business has to revolutionize something or change the world.
Scooters are just scooters.