Mexico’s Battle Against Oil Theft by Violent Gangs Causes Gasoline Shortages

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A policeman inspects barrels containing stolen diesel fuel, stored in a tire repair shop, during an operation in the municipality of Apodaca, neighboring Monterrey, on July 4, 2011. More than 100 oil workers and contractors hired by Mexico’s state oil monopoly Pemex have aided criminal gangs stealing millions of barrels of fuel over the past decade, according to Reuters. (Josue Gonzalez/Reuters)

An offensive by Mexico’s new government against fuel theft at one of the country’s main refineries has led to shortages at gas stations across several central states, as authorities move more fuel by tankers and less by vulnerable pipelines.

A Reuters witness said many gas stations in the city of Guadalajara in Jalisco state were closed on Sunday, and that there were long lines of motorists at those that were operating.

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Violent criminal gangs have for years used fuel theft as a way to supplement their income, hurting Mexico’s refineries, bleeding money from state coffers and causing bloodshed as they fight rivals and extort oil workers.

Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who took office in December, said on Friday that the shortages were caused in part by a decision to move fuel by tankers rather than pipelines.

“I ask citizens for understanding and support, because we need to solve this problem together. We are trying to get it resolved soon,” Lopez Obrador said in a televised speech.

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Obrador has vowed to tackle theft “outside and inside” the state oil firm Petroleos Mexicanos, or Pemex, which estimates that fuel worth more than 146 billion pesos ($7.4 billion US) has been stolen since 2016 alone.

Security stepped up at Pemex refineries

The president said last month that Mexico’s armed forces would take part in security at Pemex installations around the country, including a refinery the company runs in the city of Salamanca in the central state of Guanajuato.

Fuel theft there has been linked to a surge in violence, according to Guanajuato state governor Diego Sinhue.



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